I am conducting a research assignment and was wondering how are the traditions of prayer in religion affected through the working times of pilots?
Basically they’re not (at least here in the US). Christian pilots fly on Sundays, Jewish pilots work the Sabbath and Muslim pilots often have to miss their daily prayers. Pilot lives and schedules are governed by seniority and if an individual was afforded an exception (ie Sat or Sun off) that would violate the entire system. The airlines fly around the clock 365 days a year and again there can be no preferences that violate seniority for holidays.
That said I do know some fairly religious pilots. They make their peace with it until they gain enough seniority to get the days off they need.
US based airlines do not make any exceptions for prayer time. We operate 24/7/365.